The thyroid gland refers to a small organ found at the base of the neck and wrapped around your trachea. It resembles a butterfly and has small wings which extend to the sides of your throat.
Its job is the production of hormones that assist in controlling numerous functions in your body. The gland can negatively impact your body functions due to over secretion (hyperthyroidism) or under secretion (hypothyroidism) of hormones.
Functions of the Thyroid Gland
The thyroid gland deals with the secretion and control of hormones responsible for controlling your metabolism processes. Metabolism is the process where the food you ingest gets transformed into energy.
The energy produced by the body goes into assisting the body to perform various functions. In this regard, you can think of metabolism as a generator. It uses the raw energy to operate something larger and more complex.
A few hormones are needed to assist in controlling the metabolism. These are T3 (triiodothyronine) and T4 (thyroxine). The hormones are produced by the thyroid and are responsible for telling the cells in your body how much energy they need to produce.
When the thyroid is working as it should, the metabolism processes will continue operating at the desired rate. The thyroid will continue releasing replacements as the available hormones get depleted.
Thyroid Disease—What Is It?
Thyroid disease is a generalized term used to refer to any medical condition that makes it hard for the thyroid gland to produce enough hormones. The gland makes enough hormones to ensure that your body is operating optimally.
Overproduction of these hormones will cause the body to use up all this energy quickly, and this will cause you to become fatigued. Your heartbeat will also increase, causing you to become nervous.
On the other hand, you are likely to begin gaining weight and to feel tired at all times when the body isn’t making enough of this hormone. With time, it may even become harder for you to withstand cold temperatures.
The two conditions can be passed down through families or caused by several factors.
Who Is Likely to Get Affected by Thyroid Disease?
Anyone can be affected by thyroid disease. It has been seen to affect the elderly, teenagers, infants, men, and women. Some people are born with the condition, while others develop it as they age.
You may be at an increased risk of developing this condition if:
- Have previously been treated for cancer or a thyroid condition
- Have a family history of thyroid issues
- Are above sixty years
- Have a medical condition, e.g., type 1 diabetes
- You are taking any medication with a high iodine content
Thyroid issues can be caused by many factors, as mentioned earlier. The key to managing these issues is to purchase Armour Thyroid online here. It serves as a good source of T3 and T4 hormones and has been seen to help treat an underactive thyroid.
Thyroid issues can be life-threatening if preventive measures are not taken. Apart from lowering your quality of life, these can contribute to infertility, congenital disabilities, and mental health issues.
Knowing when to see a doctor can make the difference between treatment and developing a long-term health condition. Ensure you schedule follow-up visits as recommended by your doctor.